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Investment > Bonds and Certificates of Deposit
Bonds and Certificates of Deposit
Important Risk Warning
The information in this webpage is provided for reference only and shall not be considered as investment advice. It does not constitute any offer or solicitation of offer to subscribe, transact or redeem any investment product. If you have any doubt, you should seek independent professional advice.
Bonds and Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are investment products. The investment decision is yours but you should not invest in a bond/CD unless the intermediary who sells it to you has explained to you that the bond/CD is suitable to you having regard to your financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives. Your intermediary is under a duty to assure that you understand the nature and risks of this product, and that you have sufficient net worth to be able to assume the risks and bear the potential losses of trading in this product.
Bonds are not deposits and should not be treated as substitute for conventional time deposits.
Certificate of Deposit is not a protected deposit and is not protected by the Deposit Protection Scheme in Hong Kong.
Investors who purchase bonds/CDs are exposed to the credit risk of the issuer and guarantor (if any) of the bonds/CDs. There is no assurance of protection against a default by the issuer/guarantor in respect of the repayment obligations. In the worst case scenario, any failure by the issuer and the guarantor (if any) to perform their respective obligations under the bonds/CDs when due may result in a total loss of all of your investment.
Renminbi (RMB) is not a freely convertible currency. As such, investors trading bonds and/or CDs denominated in RMB are subject to additional risks (such as currency risk).
The above is not an exhaustive list of risk factors. Please refer to the section on “Risk Factors” in the relevant “Bond / Certificate of Deposit Trading Services” Factsheet to understand other risk factors applicable to bonds and CDs.
Bonds and Certificates of Deposit


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Provide Stable Income Stream
Long term Bond or CD offers steady income stream to investors.
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Predictable Return
In addition to providing stable income stream, bonds and CDs can provide predictable return, with relatively low volatility.
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Risk Diversification
Inclusion of bonds and/or CDs can diversify risk and offer relative stability to a portfolio.
  • Bond and Certificate of Deposit Trading Services
  • A wide variety of bonds are available for selection. Bonds available are issued by governments, local quasigovernment bodies, supranationals and corporations.
  • Certificates of Deposit (CDs) are issued by financial institutions such as banks.
  • Bonds and CDs are available in major currencies including Renminbi.
  • Tenor ranged from 1 to 10 years for bonds and from 3 months to 3 years for CDs are available.
  • Minimum investment amount is as low as HK$50,000 for bonds and US$50,000 (or equivalent) for CDs.
  • No charges for Transfer-in and Custodian Fee*
  • * Fee waiver for safe custody if account only hold bonds and/ or CDs during that month
  • All charges are subject to revision. The charges for other specific services will be advised at the time the services are offered or on request.

Important Notice: For the product risk rating information of Bonds and Certificates of Deposit: Please click View detail [PDF]

What are Bonds/CDs ?
Product Features
Bonds/CDs services
What are Bonds?
Bonds are debt instruments issued by governments, corporations or other issuers to bondholders. There are various types of bonds on the market including fixed rate bonds, floating rate bonds, zero coupon bonds and convertible bonds. Bondholders are effectively lending money to the bond issuer in return for the bond issuer’s promise to make regular interest payments over the life of the bond and repayment of principal at maturity.
Hang Seng Bank currently offers bonds denominated in the major currencies issued by governments (including the PRC government, the HKSAR government), local quasigovernment bodies, supranational organizations and corporations. Hang Seng Bank also offers a wide selection of bonds with different tenors, ranging from 1 to 10 years, with various benchmark yields. The minimum investment amount can be as low as HKD50,000.
What are Certificates of Deposit?
CD is a type of debt instrument similar to bond. CDs are issued by financial institutions such as banks. CD holders are effectively lending money to the CD issuers in return for the CD issuer’s promise to repay the principal and an interest payment at maturity.
Hang Seng Bank offers investors with different types of CDs with various tenors and currency denominations to suit different investment objectives.
The trading price of a bond may fluctuate based on the prevailing market conditions (such as prevailing market rates, any change in the credit rating of the bond and the supply and demand of similar bonds in the market), and may not be in line with the expectations of bondholders.
Illustrative Example
Miss. Chin invested US$98,000 in a fixed rate corporate bond at a market price of 98% at the end of 2012. The face value of the bond was US$100,000. The bond has the following features:
Coupon Rate: 3% p.a.
Maturity Date: December 15, 2018
Scenario 1
Scenario 2
Scenario 3
Scenario 1: Miss. Chin holds the bond until maturity
Miss. Chin will receive an interest payment of US$3,000 (US$100,000 x 3%) every year before the maturity. On December 15, 2018, Miss. Chin will receive the final coupon payment of US$3,000 plus US$100,000 principal amount.
Scenario 2: If Miss. Chin sells the bond with market price = 102%
If Miss. Chin sells the bond in June 2013 and the market price of the bond at that time is 102%, Miss. Chin will receive an accrued coupon payment of US$1,500 plus US$102,000 (102/100 x US$100,000) for the sale of the bond.
Scenario 3: Issuer defaults
If the issuer becomes insolvent and defaults on its obligations under the bond on or before 15 December 2015, Miss. Chin will not receive any interest amount since last coupon payment date and in the worst case, Miss. Chin may not receive the face value of the bond at maturity.
Government and Corporate Bonds
Credit Rating
Terminology
Government and Corporate Bonds
Categories of bonds are classified by the nature of issuers. Government bond is used to describe debt securities issued by a government, e.g. Treasury bills, notes and bonds. Most governments issue bonds to help regulate the money supply and pay off national debts.
Corporate bonds are debt securities issued by private or public corporations. Investors usually consider corporate bonds as a safer investment than company's shares, this is because the holders of corporate bonds have higher priority over shareholders with regard to the corporation's assets in case of liquidation.
Credit Rating
A bond’s credit rating indicates its credit quality and the issuer’s financial ability to repay the bond’s interest payments and/or principal at maturity. Credit rating agencies (e.g. Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s) may assign credit ratings to the bonds themselves or to the issuer. Investors should be aware that credit ratings are only the opinion of a particular credit agency and may change from time to time.
  Moody's Standard & Poor's What do the Ratings mean?
Investment Grade Aaa AAA Highest quality
Aa1,Aa2,Aa3 AA+,AA,AA- High quality
A1,A2,A3 A+,A,A- Upper-medium quality
Baa1,Baa2,Baa3 BBB+,BBB,BBB- Medium quality
Non-Investment Grade Ba BB Speculative
B,Caa B,CCC,CC Highly speculative
Ca,C D Default
Moody's applies a numerical indicator 1,2 and 3 in each generic rating. For examples, A1 is better than A2. Standard & Poor's use a plus or minus indicator. For example, A+ is better than A, and A is better than A-.
Ratings affect a bond's yield. The lower the rating, the higher will be the yields as investors will need extra incentive to compensate for taking on higher risk.
Investment grade bonds are of relatively high quality with a minimum S&P rating of BBB- or a minimum Moody's rating of Baa3.
Non-investment grade bonds, on the other hand, are of lower quality, and carry a higher risk of default. S&P rates these BB+ and below, while Moody's rates them Ba1 and below.
Credit ratings opinions are
(i) not intended to be a prognosis or recommendation,
(ii) not necessarily an indication of liquidity or volatility,
(iii) may be downgraded if the credit quality of the relevant entity or asset or obligation declines, and
(iv) is only an opinion of a particular credit agency and may change from time to time.

Credit ratings are primarily intended to provide investors and market participants with information about the relative credit risk of the bonds and its issuers. Investors should consult their intermediary to obtain the latest credit rating of a particular bond.
Terminology
Issuer
This is the party that borrows the money. Bonds are commonly classified by the nature of their issuer, for example, corporate bonds (issued by companies or their subsidiaries), government bonds (such as Exchange Fund Notes issued by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority), and bonds issued by supranational organizations (like the World Bank).
Principal
This is also called the par value or face value. It is the amount repaid to the bondholder when the bond matures.
Coupon rate
This is the rate at which the issuer pays interest on the principal to the bondholder each year. Interest payments are normally made at regular intervals, e.g. annually, semi-annually, quarterly. For Certificate of Deposit, the interest payment is usually paid at maturity. The coupon rate can be fixed, where it does not change over the term of the bond. It can be floating, where it is reset periodically according to a predetermined benchmark, such as HIBOR plus a spread. The coupon rate can even be zero. A zero-coupon bond is usually sold at a price below its principal. The bondholder's return is then the difference between the purchase price and the principal repaid on maturity.
Coupon Frequency
The regular intervals that interest payments are normally made, e.g. annually, semi-annually, quarterly.
Term
This is the life of the bond, i.e. the period (usually a number of years) over which the issuer has promised to meet its obligations under the bond. Some bonds can be "perpetual" in the sense that they do not have a fixed maturity date.
Guarantor
Some bonds are guaranteed by a third party called a guarantor. If the issuer defaults, the guarantor agrees to repay the principal and/or interest to the bondholder.
Maturity date
Bondholder will receive the principal and accrued interest on this date.
Bond yields
Bond yield is the amount of return an investor realises on a bond. There are several types of bond yield measures. Actual yield of bonds will depend on the subscription or purchase price and may be higher or lower than the specified coupon rate. Current yield, yield to maturity (YTM), and yield to call (YTC) are the three commonly used bond yield measures.
Current yield
The annualised rate of return calculated by simply dividing the current annual coupon of a bond by its price
Yield to maturity
The rate of return anticipated on a bond if it is held until maturity. YTM is usually expressed as an annual rate of return.
Yield to call
The rate of return of a callable bond which is held until the call date. The yield will only become valid if the bond is called before maturity.

To learn more about Bonds, please visit "The Chin Family" website

Open Securities Account
Fee Schedule
Bond/CD List
Related Documents
Open Securities Account
Existing Customer New Customer
The costs and charges of investing in bonds/CDs
The minimum amount for investing in Bonds is HK$50,000, for CDs is US$50,000 (or equivalent), depending on the type of bond/CD and the respective market prices at the point of trading. Handling fees are charged for the following services:
1 1 1 1 1
Service
Charges
Buy / Sell bonds or CDs / Redemption at maturity
Nil
Safe custody (account only holds bonds and/or CDs during that month)
Nil
Transfer in from other custodian Nil
Transfer out to other custodian
HKD500 / instruction
All charges are subject to revision. The charges for other specific services will be advised at the time the services are offered or on request.

Certificates of Deposit


Secondary Market Bonds


*The information listed above are not the full list of Bonds/CDs provided by Hang Seng Bank.

  • Indicative prices are for reference only. Yield to Maturity (YTM) is a hypothetical rate of return if investors were to hold the bonds until maturity, and is solely for reference purpose. It is calculated using the indicative offer price, and is based on several assumptions including a) the issuer will redeem the bond on the relevant maturity date, and b) all coupon and principal payments will be made in full on schedule, and c) coupon payments are reinvested at the “Yield to Maturity”. In addition, for variable coupon / floating rate bonds, this calculation uses a series of projected coupons based on an assumed reference rate fixings for each relevant coupon period. For bonds with no stated maturity dates such as perpetual bonds, this calculation uses an assumed “Calculation Maturity Date”. This calculation does not take into account coupon deferral or non-cumulative features and/or situations where the issuer may exercise discretion over coupon payments. Investors should be aware that the actual return may be significantly less than the calculated return (or even suffering from a loss), given that the calculation is based on various assumptions aforementioned which may not be met in actual case.
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Disclaimer

 

This Information shown in this webpage is based on sources believed to be reliable but Hang Seng Bank Limited makes no representation and accept no responsibility as to its accuracy and shall not be held liable for damages arising out of any person’s reliance upon the information. The information is neither a recommendation, an offer to sell nor a solicitation of an offer to purchase any investment. The prices quoted and the other information shown are for reference only and are subject to change without notice.

 

The offering documents of the bonds are prepared by the issuer of the bond. Hang Seng Bank Limited has not separately verified the information contained in these documents and makes no representation, warranty or undertaking, express or implied, and accepts no responsibility with respect of the accuracy or completeness of any information contained in such documents.